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MSDS METHANOL
Manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet
 
METHANOL (COOGEE CHEMICALS)
Ingredient Conc. CAS No.
METHANOL 100% 67-56-1
CLASSIFIED AS HAZARDOUS ACCORDING TO NOHSC CRITERIA
Shipping METHANOL
Synonyms METHYL ALCOHOL.
Appearance CLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID
Odour ALCOHOLIC ODOUR
Use(s) SOLVENT, LABORATORY APPLICATIONS, CHEMICAL REAGENT, DENATURE ETHANOL.
Supplier COOGEE CHEMICALS PTY LTD Ph: (08) 9439 8205
Stock No. , .
Poison Sched 6 Hazchem 2WE UN No.  1230 D.G Class  3
Pkg Group II EPG  3A3 Sub/Tert Risk  6.1
HEALTH HAZARDS
Health Hazard
Summary
Toxic. Use safe work practices to avoid eye or skin contact and vapour inhalation. Methanol primarily affects the
central nervous system, with symptoms of headache, nausea, vomiting and dizziness. Damage to the optic
nerves may occur with chronic or high level exposure, causing visual problems and blindness. Experimental
teratogen. 
Eye Irritant. Exposure may result in lacrimation, irritation, pain, redness, conjunctivitis and possible corneal burns with
prolonged contact. 
Inhalation Irritant - narcotic. Over exposure may result in mucous membrane irritation of the nose & throat, nausea and
headache. Chronic exposure/high vapour levels may cause dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, fatigue, breathing
difficulties and unconsciousness.
Skin Irritant - toxic. Prolonged contact may result in drying and defatting of the skin, rash and dermatitis. Toxic effects
may result from skin absorption.
Ingestion Toxic. Ingestion may result in nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness and drowsiness. Large
doses; acidosis, visual effects, optic nerve damage, circulatory and respiratory collapse, coma and death.
PRECAUTIONS
Flammability Highly flammable. Vapours may form explosive mixtures with air. May evolve toxic gases (carbon oxides,
hydrocarbons) when heated to decomposition. 
Reactivity Incompatible with oxidising agents (eg. hypochlorites, peroxides), acids (eg. sulfuric acid), strong alkalis (eg.
hydroxides), heat and ignition sources. 
Ventilation Do not inhale vapours. Use in well ventilated areas. In poorly ventilated areas, mechanical explosion proof
extraction ventilation is recommended. 
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
PPE Wear splash-proof goggles, coveralls and butyl or nitrile gloves. Where an inhalation risk exists, wear a Type A
(Organic vapour) Respirator. If spraying, wear a Type A-Class P1 (Organic vapour and Particulate) Respirator.
 
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Printed by : RMT
Copyright © 2002 RMT.Manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet
METHANOL (COOGEE CHEMICALS)
EMERGENCY
Spillage If spilt (bulk), contact emergency services if appropriate. Wear splash-proof goggles, butyl/nitrile gloves, a Type
A (Organic vapour) respirator, coveralls and boots. Ventilate and clear area of all unprotected personnel. Absorb
spill with sand or similar, collect and place in sealable containers for disposal.
Environment If released to the atmosphere methanol degrades via reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals.
It is expected to biodegrade in both soil and water. If spilt on soil it is expected to be susceptible to significant
leaching, as well rapid evapouration from dry surfaces is likely to occur. Chronic aquatic toxicity possible above
32 ppm.
Fire and
Explosion
Highly flammable - explosive vapour. Evacuate area and contact emergency services. Toxic gases may be
evolved when heated. Remain upwind and notify those downwind of hazard. Wear full protective equipment (see
spill above) including Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) when combating fire. Use waterfog to cool
intact containers and nearby storage areas.
Extinguishing Dry agent, carbon dioxide, foam or water fog. Prevent contamination of drains or waterways, absorb runoff with
sand or similar.
FIRST AID
Eye Flush gently with running water, holding eyelids open for 20 minute period. Seek immediate medical attention.
Inhalation If over exposure occurs leave exposure area immediately. If other than minor symptoms are displayed seek
immediate medical attention.
Skin Remove contaminated clothing and gently flush affected areas with water. Seek medical attention if irritation
develops. Launder clothing before reuse.
Ingestion If poisoning occurs, contact a Doctor or Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26 (Australia Wide). If more than
15 minutes from a hospital induce vomiting, preferably using Ipecac Syrup APF. SEEK URGENT MEDICAL
ATTENTION.
SAFE HANDLING
Storage Store in cool, dry, well ventilated area, removed from oxidising agents, acids, alkalis, direct sunlight, heat or
ignition sources and foodstuffs. Ensure containers are adequately labelled, protected from physical damage and
sealed when not in use. Check regularly for leaks or spills. Large storage areas should have appropriate fire
protection.
Waste
Disposal
Wearing the protective equipment outlined, ensure all ignition sources are extinguished. For small quantities,
absorb on paper, sand or similar and evaporate under a fume cupboard or open area. For large volumes,
atomise into incinerator (mixing with more flammable solvent if required) or recycle by gravimetric separation,
distilling & reusing. Contact RMT on (08) 9322 1711 for additional information if required.
Transport Class 3 Flammable liquid. Do not transport with chemicals of class; 1 (Explosives), 2.1/ 2.3 (Flammable/ Toxic
gases),  4.2  (Spontaneously  combustibles),  5.1  (Oxidising  agents),  5.2  (Organic  peroxides),  6  (Toxics),  7
(Radioactives) and foodstuffs.
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Flammability: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE Flash Point: 12 C
Boiling Point: 64.7 C Melting Point: NOT AVAILABLE
Exposure Standard (TWA): 200 ppm Methanol Evaporation Rate: NOT AVAILABLE
pH: NOT AVAILABLE % Volatiles: 100 %
Specific Gravity: 0.79 Solubility: SOLUBLE
Vapour Pressure: 127 mm Hg @ 25 C Upper Explosion Limit: 36.5 %
Lower Explosion Limit: 6.7 % Autoignition Temperature: 470 C
Vapour Density: 1.1 (Air = 1)
 
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Printed by : RMT
Copyright © 2002 RMT.Manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet
METHANOL (COOGEE CHEMICALS)
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
This Chem Alert Report has been prepared as a material safety data sheet on behalf of the manufacturer, in
accordance with the National Code of Practice for the Preparation of Material Safety Data Sheets [NOHSC:
2011(1994)]
RISK AND SAFETY PHRASES
——————————————
Risk and Safety Phrases are standardised phrases allocated to Hazardous Substances.  Risk phrases convey a
general description of the physicochemical, environmental and health hazards of a substance.  Safety phrases
provide information on safe storage, handling, disposal, personal protection and first aid.
R11 Highly flammable.
R23/25 Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.
S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
S2 Keep out of reach of children.
S24 Avoid contact with skin.
S7 Keep container tightly closed.
S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre immediately (show
the label where possible).
HAG PHRASES
——-—————
HAG stands for Hazmat Action Guide. HAG phrases describe in simple terms the hazard associated with
chemical products and the appropriate action to take in the event of an emergency involving the product. HAG
phrases are commonly used by emergency services.
(14) Highly flammable.
(9) Form: Liquid.
(28) Toxic/poisonous.
(62) Avoid personal/skin contact.
(50) Mixes with or is soluble in water.
(65) Prevent from entering drains.
(82) Fire fighting: Water spray/fog.
(83) Fire fighting: Foam.
(85) Fire fighting: Dry agent.
(60) Eliminate ignition sources.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FOR : METHANOL
————————————————
Concentration in this product : 100%
Molecular Formula : C-H4-O
Molecular Weight : 32.05
HEALTH HAZARDS - HEALTH HAZARD SUMMARY
Chronic poisoning from repeated exposure to vapour was manifested by conjunctivitis, headache, giddiness,
insomnia, gastric disturbances, and blindness. One fatal case of occupational intoxication by inhalation has been
reported. [American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists. Documentation of the TLVs and BEIs.
5th ed. Cincinnati, 1986. 372]. A latency period of 12-18 hours, during which time the only clinical signs are
those of a generally mild and transient state of inebriation as after ethanol, may pass before symptoms including
headache, weakness, fatigue, cramps, nausea, delirium, dimness of vision, rapid, shallow breathing and coma.
Death is usually due to respiratory or cardiac failure. Blindness is usually permanent.
HEALTH HAZARDS - EYE
Methanol  may  accumulate  in  the  body  and  attack  the  optic  nerve  causing  permanent  damage  including
blindness.
HEALTH HAZARDS - INHALATION
An experimental teratogen. Occupational exposure at high vapour concentrations, in poorly ventilated areas has
 
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Printed by : RMT
Copyright © 2002 RMT.Manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet
METHANOL (COOGEE CHEMICALS)
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION cont.
been reported to cause visual disturbances, liver enlargement, blindness and death. A woman died after
exposure to vapour levels of 4000-13,000 ppm for 12 hours.
TWA : 200 ppm (262 mg/m3) SKIN
STEL  : 250 ppm (328 mg/m3)
IDLH (Inhalation) : 25000 ppm
TCLo (Inhalation) : 300 ppm human (visual effects)
LCLo (Inhalation) : 1000 ppm (monkey)
LC50 (Inhalation) : 50 g/m3/2 hours (mouse)
Odour Threshold : 4.3 - 8,800 ppm (Poor warning properties).
HEALTH HAZARDS - SKIN
Prolonged contact may result in drying and defatting of the skin, scaling, rash, dermatitis, and toxic systemic
effects through skin absorption.
LD50 (Skin) : 15,800 mg/kg (rabbit)
LDLo (Skin) : 393 mg/kg (monkey)
HEALTH HAZARDS - INGESTION
Methanol is a cumulative poison and is metabolised in the body to highly toxic formaldehyde and formic acid.
15mL is reported to have caused blindness, < 30 mL was fatal.
TDLo (Ingestion) : 3429 mg/kg (man-visual change)
LDLo (Ingestion) : 143 mg/kg (human)
LD50 (Ingestion) : 5628 mg/kg (rat)
EMERGENCY - ENVIRONMENT
ATMOSPHERE: Methanol degrades via reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals (approximate
half-life of 17.8 days). Physical removal from air can occur via rainfall. SOIL: If released to soil, methanol is
expected to rapidly biodegrade and be susceptible to significant leaching to groundwater. Relatively rapid
evapouration from dry surfaces is likely to occur. WATER: Rapidly biodegrade Volatilization half-lives of 4.8 days
and 51.7 days have been estimated for a model river (1 m deep) and an environmental pond, respectively.
Aquatic   hydrolysis,   oxidation,   photolysis   and   adsorption   to   sediment   are   not   significant.   BIOLOGICAL:
Biodegradable, not expected to bioconcentrate. Aquatic Toxicity: LC50 (rainbow trout fingerlings) is 13,680
ppm/96 hours @ 12 C; LC50 (brown shrimp) is 1700 ppm/96 hours; TLm (brine shrimp) is 10,000 ppm/24 hours;
Plants 31,100 ppm. Chronic aquatic toxicity is > 32 ppm.
ADDITIONAL SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION
——————————————————————
ABBREVIATIONS: *** mg/m3 - Milligrams per cubic metre *** ppm - Parts Per Million *** TWA/ES - Time
Weighted Average or Exposure Standard. *** pH - relates to hydrogen ion concentration - this value will relate to
a scale of 0 - 14, where 0 is highly acidic and 14 is highly alkaline. *** CAS# - Chemical Abstract Service number
- used to uniquely identify chemical compounds. *** M - moles per litre, a unit of concentration. *** IARC -
International Agency for Research on Cancer.
WORK PRACTICES - SOLVENTS: Organic solvents may present both a health and flammability hazard. It is
recommended that engineering controls should be adopted to reduce exposure where practicable (for example,
if using indoors, ensure explosion proof extraction ventilation is available). Flammable or combustible liquids with
explosive limits have the potential for ignition from static discharge. Refer to AS 1020 (The control of undesirable
static electricity) and AS 1940 (The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids) for control
procedures.
RESPIRATORS: In general the use of respirators should be limited and engineering controls employed to avoid
exposure. If respiratory equipment must be worn ensure correct respirator selection and training is undertaken.
Remember that some respirators may be extremely uncomfortable when used for long periods. The use of air
powered or air supplied respirators should be considered where prolonged or repeated use is necessary.
WORKPLACE CONTROLS AND PRACTICES: Unless a less toxic chemical can be substituted for a hazardous
substance, ENGINEERING CONTROLS are the most effective way of reducing exposure. The best protection is
to enclose operations and/or provide local exhaust ventilation at the site of chemical release. Isolating operations
can  also  reduce  exposure.  Using  respirators  or  protective  equipment  is  less  effective  than  the  controls
 
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Printed by : RMT
Copyright © 2002 RMT.Manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet
METHANOL (COOGEE CHEMICALS)
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION cont.
mentioned above, but is sometimes necessary.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT GUIDELINES:
The recommendation for protective equipment contained within this Chem Alert report is provided as a guide
only. Factors such as method of application, working environment, quantity used, product concentration and the
availability of engineering controls should be considered before final selection of personal protective equipment
is made. Information provided by Risk Management Technologies is summarised for ease of use. Additional
technical information is available by calling (08) 9322 1711.
HEALTH EFFECTS FROM EXPOSURE:
It should be noted that the effects from exposure to this product will depend on several factors including:
frequency and duration of use; quantity used; effectiveness of control measures; protective equipment used and
method of application. Given that it is impractical to prepare a Chem Alert report which would encompass all
possible scenarios, it is anticipated that users will assess the risks and apply control methods where appropriate.
TRANSPORT INFORMATION:
Where a United Nations Number (UN No) is present on the Chem Alert report, the product is classified as a
Dangerous Good by the criteria of the Australian Dangerous Goods Code (ADG Code) for Transport by Road or
Rail.
If no UN Number, Dangerous Goods Class or Hazchem Code has been allocated, then the Chem Alert report
will state 'none allocated' in accordance with NOHSC:2011(1994)].
STATUS OF CHEM ALERT REPORTS
________________________________
Chem Alert reports are compiled as an independent source of information by RMT's scientific department, based
on  the  latest  chemical  and     toxicological  research  and,  where  appropriate,  in  compliance  with    relevant
standards,  guidance  notes  and  legislation.    Unless  otherwise  stated,  RMT  takes  full  responsibility  for  the
information in the Chem Alert reports.   Where available the manufacturer's original MSDS is also provided to
Chem Alert subscribers as a scanned image for their convenience.   In many instances Chem Alert reports are
compiled on behalf of manufacturers in which case they serve as the "Manufacturer's MSDS" and are clearly
identifed as such on the relevant reports.
ADDITIONAL PRODUCT INFORMATION
PRECAUTIONS - FLAMMABILITY
Eliminate all ignition sources including cigarettes, open flames, spark producing switches/tools, heaters, naked
lights, pilot lights, mobile phones etc. when handling. Earth containers when dispensing fluids.  
PRECAUTIONS - VENTILATION
Flammable/explosive vapours may accumulate in poorly ventilated areas. Vapours are heavier than air and may
travel some distance to an ignition source and flash back. Maintain vapour levels below the recommended
exposure standards (TLV/TWA).  
Last Reviewed : 24th September 2002
Date Printed : 31st October 2002
END OF REPORT
 
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